an aircraft prefix under the Joint Service Designation System
that represents 'target'.
Quan Canh, the Vietnamese equivalent of American Military Police
(MP); instituted in 1953 as part of the Gendarmerie (French
Military Police) from infantry NCOs who were given specialized
training on law enforcement and discipline; it was redesignated
the Military Police branch in 1955, becoming a separate branch of
the Vietnamese armed forces (AFVN) in 1961. The Quan Canh
training school, located at Vung Tau, was based upon the American
model at Fort Gordon GA; and a 16 week criminal investigations
course was also situated in Vung Tau. There were 47 QC stations
setup in garrison towns across the country, and 5 POW camps for
prisoner interrogation and rehabilitation, with US advisors
assigned at every level. The QC was commanded by a Provost
Marshal General, a special staff officer on the Joint General
Staff (JGS), Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces. See NPFF, NPSS,
WHITE MICE, POLICE.
general term, Qualification course, for any training program that
results in either a proficiency rating, or a modified Military
Occupational Specialty (MOS), or both; proficiency ratings are
denoted by skill badges (TRASH) or qualification tabs (Q-TAB),
and can alter the basic MOS by the addition of a numeric prefix
or a letter suffix (eg: 3-prefix/S-suffix = SF). Since the
Vietnam-era, when a one-week Pre-Recondo course was a
prerequisite for the three-week MACV Recondo School, all of the
Q-COURSEs have instituted a Pre-Q (and in some cases, a Pre-Pre-Q
course) to reduce attrition, making the Q-COURSEs more cost
effective. Q-COURSEs range in length from two weeks for AIR
ASSAULT and JUMPMASTER, to three weeks for AIRBORNE and RECONDO,
JUNGLE EXPERT and SAPPER, to nine weeks for SCOUT/SNIPER and
RANGER, to more than a year for PILOT and SPECIAL FORCES
training. See MOS, PMOS, POI, ASI, SQI, SFQC, CROSS-TRAINING,
OJT, TICKET, STRIKER, RETREAD, RATING, BILLET, BERTH, CHARM
SCHOOL, COC, ACTA, RECONDO, SERE, BOLO BADGE, Q-TAB, TRIPLE
CANOPY, EOD, UDT, SCUBA, SEAL, DIVER, DOLPHIN, WATER WINGS,
BIRDMAN, JET JOCKEY, PROP JOCKEY, ROTOR HEAD, WINGS, PINNING,
OVAL, FLASH, RIGGER, POWER WALL, PRO PAY.
quartermaster, being the proverbial "4 shop", as S-4/G-4/J-4 (v:
J-CODES, STAFF); see SUPPLY, LOGISTICS, ARSENAL, ARMORY, MOTOR
POOL, DUMP, DEPOT, PRE-POS, SOG LOG, HOUSE 240, CIF, ARMY SIZE,
NAVY SIZE, HOBSON'S CHOICE. [nb: "Amateurs argue about strategy
while professionals debate logistics." military maxim]
Also, in NavSpeak, designation for an assistant navigator;
see POISON PILL.
Quick Reaction Alert; also "Quick Response Alert".
Quick Reaction Capable / Capability; also "Quick Response
Quick Reaction Force, also called "Quick Reaction Team" (QRT),
being a military element (typically AIR CAV) that's on short
STANDBY to aid or assist by reinforcement another unit that's
suddenly engaged with the enemy; also "Quick Response Force"; see
RRF, HOC BAO.
Quick Reaction Team, also called "Quick Reaction Force"; also
"Quick Response Team"; see RRF, RT.
a WARSHIP camouflaged as a noncombatant vessel with its armament
and other defensive equipment hidden, arranged with special
provisions for quickly unmasking its weapons; also called "decoy
ship". Also, an anti-submarine platform disguised as a merchant
ship with its guns, depth charges, and other fighting equipment
concealed so as to invite SUBMARINE attack. See DECOY, CAMO,
DECEPTION, ASW, GHOST SHIP.
[nb: the Geneva Convention specifically prohibits entrapment,
such as an ambush during a truce]
a Qualification-TAB denoting individual proficiency, that is
authorized for wear, like any other personal award, as a shoulder
sleeve insignia (SSI) regardless of later assignment. Unlike
pocket badges, which are limited and/or restricted, all Q-TABs
may be worn simultaneously above the current unit PATCH in the
following order: President's 100, SPECIAL FORCES, RANGER, SAPPER.
Also called "Q-arc" or "qual", and should not be confused with
the AIRBORNE arc appended to designated unit shoulder PATCHes.
See TRIPLE CANOPY, BOLO BADGE, TRASH, WINGS, Q-COURSE, SFQC,
GONG, FRUIT SALAD, GREEN TAB, POWER WALL, BRAGGING RIGHTS,
SCROLL, TAB, REVOCATION. [v: expert, master, virtuoso, bailiwick]
[nb: an insignia emblematic of the honors and lineage of a
military organization, unlike familial "coats of arms", may be
individually enhanced but not personally heritable; v: Heraldry]
(cue-tee) informal abbreviation for 'quiet', as in "on the QT";
that which is done or said secretly or subtly, discreetly or
surreptitiously; also expressed as "on the down low". See MUM,
HUSH-HUSH. Also, stealthily or secretly, as "to meet someone on
the QT"; see CLASSIFIED, NEED TO KNOW.
abbreviation for QuarTeRS, designating both living area (eg:
BILLET, BERTH, RACK, BARRACK, HAMMOCK, FART SACK, HOSPITAL
CORNER, SAFE HOUSE, GUARDHOUSE, CHU, CHUVILLE, BUTLER BUILDING,
SEA HUT, QUONSET HUT, B-HUT, HUTMENT, TEAMHOUSE, HOOCH, LONG
HOUSE, SHEBANG, TENT, VILLE, BEQ, TLF, BOQ, NOB HILL, GOQ, VOQ,
OFFICER'S COUNTRY, WARDROOM, SUDS ROW, PRIME RIBS, etc) and duty
area (eg: CQ, GQ, FIRE QUARTERS, COLLISION QUARTERS, ON STATION,
STAND-TO, etc); the singular form 'quarter' (QTR) is rarely used.
See BAQ / BAH, CANTONMENT, COMPOUND, SEPARATE RATS.
see TEU, CONTAINERIZATION.
QUAD 50 :
A WWII-era antiaircraft weapon used in Vietnam as an
anti-personnel weapon; also spelled "quad-fifty", "quad .50",
"quad-50s". Consisting of four electric solenoid firing M-2 .50
caliber machineguns, mounted in a movable SPONSON as used for
fire base and convoy security; designated M-55. See GUN TRUCK,
HEAVY MG, FIFTY, MA DEUCE, MG. [nb: the Browning M-3P .50-caliber
machinegun is remotely-controlled and electrically-fired, as
designed for use in ground vehicles, watercraft, and aircraft]
[nb: in 1983, the MK19-3 40mm grenade machinegun (@72.5#), being
a belt-fed, blowback-operated, and air-cooled automatic weapon
for delivering decisive firepower against enemy personnel and
lightly armored vehicles to an effective range of 2200m, replaced
the M-2 heavy machinegun as the primary suppressive weapon in
vehicle-mounted combat support operations]
a situation from which extrication is very difficult, being a
metaphor for the VIETNAM WAR, from its existence as a mire or bog
that yields only to ensnare; see DECENT INTERVAL, DOMINO THEORY,
APOCALYPSE, GUMBO, QUICKSAND, TAR BABY, WHITE ELEPHANT, BELL THE
CAT, BITTER END, FOGGY BOTTOM. [v: The Making of a Quagmire,
America and Vietnam During the Kennedy Era by David
see AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE, PACIFIST.
QUAKER CANNON :
see ARTY, DECEPTION, TRICK, DECOY, RUSE DE GUERRE, RED HERRING,
PHANTOM OPERATIONS, GHOST UNIT, GHOST FRONT, PSYOPS,
qualifications; compare TICKET; see Q-TAB, BOLO BADGE, TRASH,
WINGS, Q-COURSE, MIL-CRAFT, TRADE SCHOOL, PRECONIZE, REVOCATION.
a semi-independent agency or bureau; acronym derived from
QUasi Autonomous National Governmental Organization; compare NGO,
GOCO, COCO, OGA, BELTWAY BANDIT.
a system of control measures maintained at ports of entry and
other frontiers for preventing the spread of contagious diseases,
especially a period of detention in strict isolation; derived
from a "period of forty days"; see SEGREGATION, SEQUESTRATION,
CORDON SANITAIRE, NO FLY ZONE, YELLOW JACK, ZERO-ZERO WARD. Also,
the imposition of social, political, or economic isolation.
one of the damage-control or enemy-action stations assigned to
MIL-PERS during emergency (general quarters), combat (battle
stations), or training (DRILL) situations; compare GQ, FIRE
QUARTERS, COLLISION QUARTERS. Also, to house or lodge MIL-PERS in
accommodations; see QTRS, BARRACK, BILLET. Also, MERCY or
indulgence shown to a vanquished enemy; see HORS DE COMBAT, COUP
DE GRACE, STRIKE THE FLAG, THROW IN THE TOWEL, CARTE BLANCHE,
WHITE FLAG, FLAG OF TRUCE, FLAG OF PROTECTION. Also, a coin of
the United States and various other nations, being equal to
twenty-five cents (PENNY), or one fourth of a DOLLAR; see LEGAL
TENDER. Also, one of the four equal or equivalent parts into
which something may be divided, such as time or distance, weight
or portion, phase or term; see COMPASS ROSE, BOX THE COMPASS.
that part of a vessel's weather DECK running from midship to the
STERN or POOP DECK, may have bulwarks. Compare FANTAIL,
QUARTERDECK FACE :
the remote and aloof visage adopted by Navy officers to indicate
their formal demeanor as being responsible for the enforcement of
all regulations. At the conclusion of shipboard fetes or high
jinks or other informalities, the ship's officers would "ship a
QUARTERDECK FACE again" as a signal that breaches or infractions
would no longer be countenanced, and to denote a resumption of
normal routine and traditional protocol. Compare HALF-MAST, FLINT
FACE, DEADPAN, FACE.
[nb: the pan is the depressed part of the lock holding the
priming in old guns, so a "deadpan" facial expression derives
from a musket's flash-pan being empty, that is, without any
primer to set-off the charged barrel when the hammer falls to
strike a spark of ignition]
(forthcoming); 1798 virtual war with revolutionary France,
resulted in passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts (later deemed
unconstitutional) [nb: Quasi-War with France (1798-1800): 20
battle deaths] [cf: Fries' Rebellion (1798)]
see CONTRAFOIL, BARRACKS COVER.
the word assigned to represent the letter "Q" in the
international phonetic alphabet; at various times in different
spelling schemes, it has also been acrophonetically represented
as Quack and Queen. See ALPHABET SOUP, PHONETIC ALPHABET. [v: Alphabet Codes &
QUEEN FOR A YEAR :
catch-phrase for any female MIL-PERS stationed overseas, where
the normal sex ratio of 10 or 15 women to 85 or 90 males is
drastically reduced (sometimes by half) for the term of her tour
of duty; where the normal attention paid to any woman by every
man, while mostly innocent or even protective, becomes onerous or
oppressive. The non-fraternization policy and travel restrictions
typical of a garrisoned lifestyle in a foreign country usually
increase her sense of isolation and victimization because she
has no privacy, no outlets for frustration, and few opportunities
for relaxation. Most women respond to this situation by becoming
imperious or supercilious, a prima donna, hence the attribution
that's been used since the VIETNAM WAR; as derived from the radio
and TV prize-giveaway program: "Queen for a Day". Such denotation
is also represented as "desert diamond" or "desert fox" in the
Mid-East during the GULF WAR-era. See SKIRT, GI JANE, COCK BAIT,
WARRIOR PRINCESS, ANGEL.
QUEEN OF BATTLE :
a proverbial motto of the infantry, identifying its essential
role in combat; compare KING OF BATTLE; see INF, KISS THE
MISTRESS, KNOCK THEIR SPOTS OFF, TURN THE JACK, CHESS.
a liminal search or transitional pursuit made in order to find or
to obtain something significant, especially for personal or
spiritual fulfillment; an adventurous expedition that's
undertaken to fulfill a social norm or cultural ritual; see
ORDEAL, RITE OF PASSAGE, BLOOD OATH, INITIATION.
QUICK-ACTING FASTENER :
see QUICK FASTENER.
QUICK OR DEAD :
the condition of troops maneuvering under fire; derived from
"judge the quick and the dead" (2 Timothy 4:1), meaning 'the
living and the dead'.
QUICK FASTENER :
a secure closure on emergency hatches and cowling panels that can
be readily bypassed with an access device; a latch (eg: DZUS or
Z-Lock and CamLoc) on vehicles and aircraft that can be quickly
unlocked with a rescue tool (eg: DZUS key, Z-Lock wrench or
CamLoc pliers); also known as "quick-acting fastener" or
QUICK-RELEASE ATTACHMENT :
see QUICK FASTENER.
a bed of considerable depth that consists of soft or loose sand
that's saturated with water, the surface (sometimes crusted) of
which will yield under the pressure of excessive weight and so
will tend to suck down any object attempting to traverse its
surface; see GUMBO, QUAGMIRE, TAR BABY.
formerly, a lively step used in marching to brisk music; later
designated QUICK TIME. Also, the tempo of music adapted to such a
brisk march rhythm. Also, a lively combination of steps in
QUICK TIME :
the command to return the formation to regular march tempo, set
at the rate of 120 steps per minute, with a stride of thirty
inches at each step. Compare DOUBLE TIME, FUNERAL PACE; see
CADENCE, PACE, PARADE.
a portion of something, especially tobacco, that's to be chewed
but not swallowed; derived as a variant of 'cud', it's also
called "chaw" and SMOKELESS TOBACCO; see CHEW, SNUFF. Also,
informal reference to one British "pound sterling" or a gold
"guinea"; see LEGAL TENDER.
QUIET PROFESSIONAL :
an expression representing the consummate MIL-PERS, being a
soldier who's attained the highest degree of expertise; someone
superbly skilled or masterly. See SHARPSHOOTER, GUNSLINGER,
JUNGLE EXPERT, BUSHMASTER, MOUNTAINEER, WINTER WARRIOR, NOBLE
SAVAGE, PATROL, BOLO BADGE, Q-TAB, FUGLEMAN, SUPER-TROOPER,
BOOMER, GOLDEN BOY, OLD BREED, OLD SWEAT, DINOSAUR, OLD SALT,
SHELLBACK, MOSSBACK, VET, VETERAN, WINTER SOLDIER, PROFESSOR,
WIZARD, WONK, WALLAH, MANDARIN, 90-PAGE WONDER, BELTWAY CLERK,
BEST AND BRIGHTEST, CLUB FED, RIGHT STUFF, BADGE OF COURAGE;
compare HERO, MACHO, COUNT COUP, BRAGGING RIGHTS, MERC /
MERCENARY, PISSING CONTEST, CARICATURE, FICTIONAL CHARACTER. [v:
ne plus ultra, expert, master, virtuoso, bailiwick; cf: "wight"
is a human being, who is defined as such by his ability to fight,
hence is someone who's strong and brave in war]
[nb: "What we are speaks louder than what we say."
(mis-)attributed to Ralph Waldo Emerson by John F. Kennedy; "The
few who do are the envy of the many who only watch." by Jim Rohn;
"No one going as a soldier entangles himself with the affairs of
life, that he may please Him who has enlisted him as a soldier."
2 Timothy 2:4 (Darby); "He had the three great requisites of a
soldier: courage, skill in his profession, and grace in the
presence of the danger of death." paraphrase of Ernest Hemingway
(1958); "Mark this well, you proud men of action: You are nothing
but the unwitting agents of the men of thought who often, in
quiet self-effacement, mark out most exactly all your doings in
advance." by Heinrich Heine (1834); "In these affairs, what
counts is not who pulls the trigger, but who pays for the
bullet." by Eric Ambler (1939)]
informal reference to an electronic overlay or cover for computer
files or applications, protecting them from direct access by
installing a disguised layer atop them; it's a security partition
similar to a FIREWALL. See DECEPTION, DISINFORMATION, CONTROLLED
INFORMATION, BREADCRUMBING, THE AMERICAN WALL, AIR GAP,
NETRUSION. [v: trap door, escrow key, password, Clipper]
a person who betrays his own country by aiding an invading enemy,
often serving later in a PUPPET government; also known as
sellout, collaborator, apostate, renegade, defector, or recreant;
eponymously after the pro-Nazi Norwegian leader, Vidkun Quisling.
See FIFTH COLUMN, TURNCOAT, RUNNING DOG, TRAITOR.
QUONSET HUT :
trademarked brand name of a standardized and prefabricated
semicylindrical shelter with wooden end-walls, suitable for any
weather or region; as developed at Quonset Point Naval Base,
Rhode Island. Its design was adapted from a British hut of
tunnel-shaped corrugated iron with a cement floor that was called
a "Nissen hut" after its inventor, Lt.Col. Peter Norman Nissen,
which was used during both World Wars. The Nissen hut used two
layers of metal to sandwich an insulating air pocket for comfort
and protection while the QUONSET HUT used T-ribbed metal over
Masonite hardboard with corrugated paper insulation; sized 16' X
20', 16' X 36', 20' X 48', 20' X 56', and 24' X 60'. A standard
QUONSET HUT was shipped in twelve crates and could be assembled
by ten unskilled men in one day. The QUONSET HUT was redesigned
to incorporate four-foot vertical sidewalls to recover lost floor
space (Brandenberger's modification) by using a lighter weight an
"I" section profile of Stran-Steel that required fewer fasteners
and less erection time. Larger, heavier, multi-arched, and other
specialized variations of this curvilinear building design were
later produced, including the all wooden PACIFIC HUT and EMKAY
HUT that were developed to spare metal resources. See BLDG,
BILLET; compare JAMESWAY HUT, BUTLER BUILDING, UTILITY BUILDING,
see SPOILS, SPOILS OF WAR, CASTE, RING-KNOCKER, KHAKI MAFIA,
BOY'S CLUB, LEGACY, CAKE-EATER, POWER ELITE, TICKET-PUNCHER,
Quality Verification Inspection.